The following drawing, together with the botanical terms for the different parts of the flower, will assist in the identification and naming of various parts that make up the complete flower.
Anther – The male part of the flower which bears the pollen grains, is attached to the flower by a stem known as the Filament, that, together with the Anther, is called a Stamen.
Calyx – The Sepals of the fuchsia, the outer covering of the flower.
Corolla – The inner circle or whorl of coloured petals below the Calyx, the most conspicuous part of the flower.
Filament – The stem of the Anther or stalk of the Stamen
Ovary – Vessel containing the seeds of the plant, the seed berry or pod.
Pedicel – The stalk or stem of the flower.
Petal – A division of the Corolla of a flower.
Petiole – The stalk or stem of the leaf.
Pistil – The female part of the flower; collectively Ovary, Style and Stigma.
Pollen – The male fertilizing dust of flowers, produced on the Anthers.
Sepal – The separate divisions of leaves of the Calyx.
Stamen – The male organ of the flower consisting of the Anther with its Pollen and supporting stem (Filament).
Stigma – The head or top of the Pistil.
Style – The stem bearing the Pistil.
Tube – Part of the flower containing the Pistil and forms the Calyx bearer.
All fuchsias have four sepals and eight stamens, but not all fuchsias have a corolla. For example, F.procumbens, a New Zealand species, has none. Sometimes a fuchsia will appear with five sepals or even six, however this is then not a perfect blossom.
DEFINITION OF FLOWERS
A SINGLE flower has four petals in the corolla.
A SEMI-DOUBLE has five to seven petals in the corolla.
A DOUBLE has eight or more petals in the corolla
The “species” are plants that are FOUND GROWING NATURALLY IN THE WILD. These generally hardy plants are native to the South and Central Americas and also to New Zealand. Although most have upright growth habits, they vary from the tree-like F. arborescens to the vine like boliviana, to the prostrate, groundcover-type growth of F. procumbens. All species have single blossoms, some with no corolla. They have a specific blooming season, some being winter-blooming. Fertilize species at half the normal strength. Some species fuchsias that are more generally available from nurseries in New Zealand are:
F. magellanica (many varieties)
F. microphylla (many varieties)
F. sanctae rosae
The term “triphylla”, meaning THREE-LEAVED, describes this group of fuchsias descended from or resembling the species F.triphylla which is distinguished by its leaves being in sets of three at each node instead of the usual two leaves per node produced by other fuchsias. The foliage is usually dark green. The topside of the leaves has a velvet-like texture, and the underside often has a reddish blush. These plants are heavy bloomers, with blossoms borne in terminal clusters of coral, orange or red colour. Blossoms have a characteristic long tube with a small corolla and sepals. Generally, triphyllas are vigorous, bushy plants that are heat tolerant, but also frost-tender. Some triphyllas that are more generally available are:
This group of plants produces VARIEGATED FOLIAGE – foliage with colouration in addition to the single shade of green of most fuchsias. Some variegated fuchsias are grown primarily for the beauty of their ORNAMENTAL FOLIAGE rather than their blossoms. A small to medium, single blossom with red sepals and the purple corolla is characteristic of many of these varieties. Foliage is of 4 basic types: variegated pale green/creamy white, reddish-coloured, golden-coloured, and dappled light/dark green. Light is the most important factor in the culture of most of these plants such that maximum light exposure is required to produce the most dramatic colouration in their foliage. Some variegated fuchsias more generally available are:
These variegated fuchsias give added colour to your garden and you are recommended to try them. Grown successfully, they are beautiful indeed.